A typical large mine tunnel. You can just make out the narrow gauge rail.
In the middle of Electric Steel, dust collector vents cross-cross out of sight.
A brewmaster’s desk leans beside a long-disused stainless steel kettle. The staircase above goes to another level of kettles, which are visibly older.
Cauterized wounds on the factory floor, where the middle of the newer mill opens up to allow massive equipment. Now the pipes are cut and the equipment is gone.
Chutes connect the bottoms of the silos to a conveyor belt.
A few from atop the steam gauges along the western wall. The turbines were scrapped quickly after the plant closed, it seemed.
In the nitrating house.
A great lakes freighter slowly passes SK Wheat Pool 4 with ‘The Sleeping Giant’ in the background. Arista 100.
A wide view of the steam pump room, complete with pistons (taken apart for their brass), flywheels (covered in graffiti and rust) and pressure gauges (smashed apart for fun). I guess what I’m trying to say is, I was not disappointed.
One of the early automated painting booths in the paint plant line.
This is a typical view of the factory; most of it was long hallways flanked by piles of equipment and access points to maintain them.
This drying house was full of ventilation ducts, broken scales, and insulated carts to haul powder around the line.
Looking from one workhouse at another, with the other residents of Mill Hell falling into place as the distance grows. Across the rail yard you can see Froedert Malt elevator and Calumet.
On the second floor of the kettle building where corn mash was boiled, holes where tanks once sat were everywhere.
The wrought iron staircase for what was the Consumer’s Brewery Brew House, as indicated by very fine cast landings with the company logo. The staircase is in bad condition; someone had run a forklift or something similar into the bottom in addition to copious vandalism and water damage. Holes in the floor, like in the upper-right corner indicate where stainless steel kettles used to be before they were scrapped.
The rust garden’s brick centerpiece contrasts the muted winter Kentucky palette.
Spots of yellow gravel mark gold mines with nothing left on the surface. Is this one of the drainage pipes?
A light-painted portrait of one of the few remaining carts that moved everything from fresh eggs to soiled laundry through the tunnels.
Looking at the engine house (left) from atop the stoves.
The conveyor between the shore and Dock 2. Note the gap in the aerial walkway that used to connect Dock 4 to the rest of the complex.
After crushing, these machines would float lighter material to the surface of the water, where it would be skimmed and discarded. Gold and silver laden stone would sink to the bottom, where it was collected for the next stage of processing. Leica/Summilux 35/Ektar 100
This giant gear’s sole purpose was to turn the ship’s single rudder in all conditions.
A lime auger and massive feet of the lime hopper.
A side view of the oven pusher from the ground. The tallest coal bunker looks tiny in the distance, though on the scale of the factory it’s practically on top of me as I’m taking the picture.
C’mon and grab your friends… we’ll go to very—rusty lands…
The sun sets in front of a huge concrete building—about four times the size of the power plant. Probably a corn storage bin from an ethanol operation that ran here in the 1980s.
A typical stretch of the assembly line.
Between the gauges for the power plant boilers and the steam pump flywheels.
Tunnels interconnected all of the complex, carrying power, steam, laundry and food throughout the hospital. This is a typical causeway that would have been very busy when the hospital was operating. In some places, signs still point to defunct areas of the hospital.
There were three main stockhouses, two of which still exist, that are filled with tanks like these in addition to Fermentation. Each tank is the size of the city bus and few are left after the 2008-2009 scrapings.
Looking across a skyway at the dust-collecting funnels, one of the few pieces of equipment that haven’t been completely decimated by time and the elements.
These copulas made the iron for casting.
Lockers for the boiler room workers.
This picture shows the challenges of moving around underground in the base.
Brewery Creek Waterfall, somewhere above Duluth. Lit with candles and a small LED panel. To me, it looked like a pipe pouring molten metal.
Every floor of the main hospital buildings had its own bathrooms. They often make obvious the fact that these buildings were intentionally built as permanent structures. Even a century after they were built, and several decades of total neglect, they were in fabulous condition.
The factory was utterly vertical.
Looking into the Pool 8 Annex from the original Ogilvie’s elevator.
At noon, the lower skylights around the shops glow yellow-green, thanks to the flora blooming on the roof above.
The engine room.
Much of the signage in the mill was hand-drawn.
Fall in line, act skinny, watch out for low hanging pipes. Don’t ask me where in the maze this was… 90% of the plant looked like this; vast rooms and catwalks with crisscrossing pipes and valves.
The flour mill (rear) and its elevators. The taller elevator was moved here in 1955, when the Harrisons bought it from Federal, who declared it surplus. The smaller elevator replaced an earlier smaller warehouse in 1926. Taken shortly after dawn. This one picture made the drive worth it, for me. Medium Format.
The mostly-empty distilling room is easy to spot from the outside because of the distinctive round window.
The skylights with geared-to-open windows were massive and quite functional.
Shadows of the skylights form a backdrop for rust-welded machines.
The final ball mill in the Chain O’ Mines concentrator. Behind it was a bucket of steel balls.
Island Station, in the middle of the power house, in the middle of a thunder storm. Flapping pipe covers and sheets of ran penetrating one massive arched window and blasting through the other, as winds power through the building from the Mississippi. The sound of the thunder made every length of steel squeak under the pressure.
A winding flue between the ovens for Furnace 6, capped with sketchy catwalks.
The head distiller could walk out of their office to this balcony and overlook the whole fermentation process in a glance.
Look at the floor–do you see the hole? That goes down a lonnnnnng ways.
Not ghosts. Slow-moving explorers’ shadows create a ghostly effect in the ‘Old Ward’–the second floor of the Service Building.
The entry point for the painting shed on the top floor. Cars would have a few feet in between them before they entered. Separate sheds would prime and add color.
In what has turned into a kind of industrial courtyard between four ovens some people have posted their tags. X was here.
Although the caves deviated little in their year-round temperature, it was common to use blocks of ice to cool beer immediately before shipment. This is the ruins of the ice chute.
The conveyorway between the on-site grain elevator and mill.
On the middle level of the Poacher House. For a detailed view of the chart see ‘See Reverse’.
Gloves hang in the basement of the former quality assurance labs.
Days after the long-flooded basement was pumped out. Note the water lines!
In the Lime House, the sunset picked-up the last light of day to make this image. Lime is used in the beet sugar refinement process to reduce the acidity of the beet juice mixture.
Looking up at the LEMP malting plant elevator. Look at that BRICKWORK!
One of my favorite visual feature of grain elevators, especially big ones, is how they repeat.
I tried to hide the graffiti from my photos, but sometimes it wasn’t possible.
In a strange loft next to the brewhouse are these twin kettles, which seem much older than the main kettles in the brewhouse.
While the stokers are gone, the pipes bringing pulverized coal down were left.
The generator hall of the last power station, as seen from the gantryway.
The huge snowfalls of 2011 brought new collapses across the buildings.
A huge steel tank, one of several left over, left over from either the Ashland Oil or Allied Chemical periods.
The guts of the dock are connected with a long narrow hallway. Below this section are shops and labs.
These stairs connected some small main-level offices with one of the main sewing rooms above. Because the roof on this building was strong, it was pretty well preserved–look at those colors. Through the open fire door on the left, though, you can see that the roof has given out.
A control panel that was mothballed, anticipating a time when the plant may be reactivated.
The power plant of the Old Crow distillery was mostly original. I didn’t have a tripod, so I had to balance my camera on the equipment there.
The end of the heating line allowed glass to cool slowly, and thus be stronger.
One of the older buildings on the site, this is an old power house that provided electricity to the plant. I spent some time walking around it and believe it was fired with coal gas but had a diesel backup installed later.
A porcelain basin in the locker room is detached, but shows excellent patina. I hope when the machine shop is repurposed that this can be saved.
One of a few dozen steel bed frames left in the rubble of the collapsing building.
Looking up from the ground floor at the various levels of the sugar mill.
The gulls wait to eat the next load of spilled grain. Arista 100.
Water damage dissolved the ceiling into sludge. Pillars remain, as do the plastic light covers, now on the floor.
Workers would undoubtedly prefer to use the belt manlift on the right.
A huge steam pipe snakes between catwalks, through the floors, and toward the condensers, so the water could be recovered and reused.
Next to the generator room is the pump room, which moved steam around the complex.
Looking into the tunnel system from below the Women’s Ward. The tunnels were used mostly by staff to move food and laundry.
A chalkboard halfway to the headhouse is untouched since the mill closed. It still has the cheat sheets!
Filters and fans to draw air into the boilers in the second power plant.
One thing that made the Eagle Mine unique is the underground mill, left of this picture. As the rocks moved down the mill, they would be turned into finer and finer powder.
The elevator works on gravity… this is where a conveyor belt was to move the grain toward the main elevator to be loaded into ships.
Latin; to grow. Root of the English word ‘surge’.
This load of lime seems to have been left right where it was loaded.
Chutes from a hundred machines interconnect to more machines and chutes on a dozen factory floors.
A tunnel that brought heat from the power plant to the Hart House. Since that building was demolished, this only served as a fallout shelter. To my knowledge, this was never used to move bodies to the incinerator. That was probably done with a vehicle and the lower entrance to the power station, which did dispose of TB victims for some time.
Without a roof, the bricks were being washed away in the later years of the roundhouse.
The end of the new elevator. Line of bird droppings follow the fire sprinkler pipes and wires in the room.
Watch your head, say the colors. This side of the plant is apparently still standing and is owned by the city.
This is an elevator to move mine car loads of sand to the surface for cleaning and eventually glass production. Below is a flooded equipment vault. In front and behind is a loop through the larger tunnels in the mine. The horizontal braces supported electric cables for the mine carts.
A wrecked pressure gauge and employee time cards.
The bottom of the stairs leading from the work floor to the cafeteria.
The perfect place to have a post-industrial picnic.
The four buildings seen here comprise almost all of the notable remaining structures.
Past the underground repair shop is this cliffside adit.
Rows of offices under the power plant, which was in the middle of being demolished during my adventure. Despite the snow, this was meant as an interior.
At the top of the workhouse, dust collection pipes weave through cross-crossing conveyors.
In this photo you see three lives of Lyric: 1.) The Art Deco murals showing the Vaudeville background; 2.) The suspended ceiling put in when the building was converted for film; 3.) The explorers, photographers and others who worked in and on the building before its final demolition.
A machine to cast copper billets.
Because of the dangers of storing the materials to make explosives as well as the explosives themselves, there were earthen bunkers all across the plant like this.
The working end of the blast furnace, where molten metal would flow like lava out of the furnace… a process called ‘tapping’.
Blast Furnace 7 as seen from the ore yard. Imagine running up those stairs through blast furnace smoke.
Fermenters and mixing tanks fill this brewing room. The lighting is all natural, and is partially owed to a crumbling wall letting the sunset blast the interior in almost perfect profile.
SWP4-A on the left and Viterra C on the right in a 90-degree panorama.
ADM-Delmar #1- Maintainance Department. The stainless steel bits are part of the grain dryer added in the 1940s. The workhouse itself (the larger tower) was a dedicated Cleaning House, meaning that grain passed through both these buildings to be rid of dust, dirt and extra moisture before storage. In the foreground is the old ADM locker room and pipe department.
While walking out I snapped this last shot of the sunset drenching the castle-top watertower (staying with the theme), right before the sun dipped below the hill across the stream from which the whiskey was distilled.
After a short rainfall douses the mill in downtown Fergus Falls, the river next to the brick walls swells and the sounds of water overtakes the echos of the nearby bars. Reflections are on the foundation of the former distribution and rail building.
Storms and waves, focused by the Port of Wisconsin entry have focused the faces to tear-up these boards below.
The only way to get to the second floor–since demolition crews punched-out the staircases and ladders leading upwards–was to climb this elevator shaft. In the lower-left corner is a blower for the foundry furnaces.
Science Alert. When the sun strikes an object, that object absorbs some of the infared light in the form of heat. The heat absorbed by the old Soo dock absorbed and radiated that energy to melt off the snow from the ice around it, making it very reflective.
A ruined culvert near Oregon Creek, behind Old Main, the predecessor of the University of Minnesota-Duluth.
Water vapor was collected and condensed to be reused in other processes. Kodak Tri-X 400/Leica M7
Observing War City in the midst of an electric storm. This photo is lit almost entirely by lightning.
No wonder the factory shut down; everyone was scheduled to work 9 to 5 and the clock’s broken! (In all seriousness, this is/used to be a beautiful timepiece, especially for a utilitarian factory like this.
Looking up at the network of elevators at the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool. Its train shed doors stand open under the void where conveyors should be. You can see where they used to connect on the left and right. The outside of the building is covered in racist graffiti.
A side view of the floatation level. I found it interesting that there were little ladders and staircases in the mill to help workers get around–this place was not as shoddy as other mills I’ve seen.
The only door into a large windowless concrete room, probably a storage bin. Kodak Portra 160/Mamiya 6.
The bricks routinely fell from the walls, like seeds falling from trees. On a smaller scale, new walls grew from the floors.
Under the monster and its teeth.
Heavy steel doors to isolate the underground magnetic separation mill from Eagle Mine’s main tunnel.
The front door to the auditorium.
This picture is lit by a direct lightning strike of the building. It’s impossible to describe the feeling of being in this giant open building the moment it channeled an electric explosion into the earth.
After climbing the elevator shaft to the illusive second level, a new pallet of colors were revealed.
Some small candles light one of the few surviving tunnels that once linked buildings on the campus with the steam plant. In winter, it was common for patients to be transported through these to avoid the cold, and during the Cold War these served as nuclear fallout shelters.
A typical shower in the old section of the hospital. It looks a little horrifying in the harsh light of a camera flash on the thousands of little white tiles. One soap holder hadn’t been stolen yet.
The boiler room has four big boilers in it, which seems like overkill. No wonder this plant could supply power to the works and the town at full capacity!
Looking into the main workhouse from the skyway into the annex elevator. But who care? Look at the colors!
A sign of where man met machine.
These machines circulated water through the powder from the ball mills. Gold and silver is heavier than gravel, so it sinks while the junk rock floats.
Looking into the half-demolished, half-dismantled conveyor for the sea leg.
The only good shot I have of the top of Battery A, in the upper left. Though it seemed to have been disused before its neighbor it had a lot less growth on it.
Steam pipes squirm around the stacks.
This volume gauge could be read from 30 feet away, which is useful when the control panels and valves are that far away.
Looking up the Dominion Elevator’s tower. I especially like this picture because it shows how so much of the electrical conduits wound round through the mostly hollow space.
A tower above Minneapolis that few people see.
There are so many pipes i the factory–I wonder how many people knew where they all went, in the days these machines operated at capacity.
Paint lines were constantly monitored through big windows. Adjustments could be made on the dedicated consoles. This is what most of the painting floor looked like.
The gauges on left of frame are the steam pressure indicators for the various steam-powered components around the ship, like the steering engine and windlass motors. Below the gauges are a case of tiny wooden parts drawers… note the ancient oiling can on the locker near the upper-right corner of the frame.
This is a great example of a combination rock house; the silos below used to fill trains with ore dropped from mine cars pulled to the top of the structure.
The water tower no doubt made good scrap after it hit the ground.
The giant radiators in this casting shop look like a flag to me.
This sawtooth roof collapsed months later under the weight of an early snow.
A caustic tank in one of the unremodeled brewhouse backrooms.
The basement of the asylum was a strange place. Take, this fireplace, for instance, in an otherwise barren room. Random cinderblock (left) has created a little room behind the fireplace. To round out the strangeness, a toilet was plumbed into the middle of the space. Note the stone foundations.
The light next to this acid tank was perfect, thanks to a gaping hole in the roof.
Generations of Two Harbors teens smoked their first weed in this abandoned building, in my estimation. Comment if I’m right!
To run new gutters through the building, some of the plaster walls of the Chateau had to be smashed through.
The top floor of the Dominion Elevator. Acros 100 on 120.
Some warnings on the older battery which was visibly older than its eastern counterpart. This set of batteries had no railing between the side of the ovens and a long drop onto railroad tracks… I like this picture because it shows the effects of the heat and corrosive gasses on the area around the ovens.
It seems like this pipe was made to return dust to the collector in the main workhouse from the annex.
The powerhouse was notably older than the rest of the complex. I’m still not sure if it was build just for the cooperage, or whether it preceded it.
The view from the larry, looking out at the overgrowing coke oven top. Papers listed the order of the charges for each oven, noting the sticky doors and persistent leaks. Emergency respirators and rescue gear was stored close, as long exposure to emissions from the rusty hatches could make worker pass out on the top of the ovens.
2010. A skyway connecting two Which tube carried the beer? I hope it’s the big one!
A century-old ghost sign for Royal House Flour was preserved after a building is built above and through it! Looking from the north annex elevator toward the headhouse.
This picture tells half the story about the size of half of the complex. For Port Arthur, it’s average, but this would be a fantastically large elevator if it were anywhere else!
And I forget just why I taste / Oh yeah, I guess it makes me smile / I found it hard, it’s hard to find / Oh well, whatever, never mind (Nirvana, “Smells Like Teen Spirit”)
Some parts of the doctor’s apartment in the Administration Tower were decidedly upscale. Look at the beautiful ironwork on that sink!
I love when moss grows indoors… one of the little pleasures of exploring abandonments.
It was as noisy then as it is colorful now…
Halfway up the coal conveyor, covered in coal dust… black streaks of snot. Starting to get good.
In the steam plant, steam pipes bundled in canvas and asbestos criss-cross the walls.
Looking out of Kurth Malt a the neighbors–the silos past Electric Steel are those of the Froedert Malt Company, now gone.
The roof of the elevator was partly lit naturally with six big skylights. The less electricity pumped into a grain elevator, the less chance of a grain dust explosion.
The sun was setting outside, highlighting the textures and lines that made the form of the power plant take a fourth dimension–time.
The neon lighthouse, seen from the top of one of the silos.
This is what it might have looked like if a new Ford descended in the elevator with its headlights on. As seen from the Mississippi side–the opposite portal faces the sand mine.
Looking toward the old power house, right below one of its arteries.
The Engine House’s boiler, which would have been fired all day all day, virtually from the day the shop opened until the day it closed.
The ‘working’ part of the furnaces are about a story above ground level, so the catwalks snake above the tree line.
This is the crane that would be used to lower extra-heavy bits of copper ore into the fire of the furnace.
In the upper left of the image you can see where the gas tanks used to be, along with the concentration equipment. Along the bottom you can also see some of the many railroad tracks coming and going from the plant–the ones visible here were incoming tracks that carried in hard coal from the eastern US.
The metallic arms of the missile erector, which would stand rockets over the blast pit in the launch position. Medium Format film–cheap but excellent Fomapan 100 in a Pentax 67.
This side of the mill, which abuts the Great Miami River, is much older than the other side of B Street. You can tell it went through many revisions.
When boiling beet juice accidentally spills from the gas-fired tanks two feet away, you better be wearing some of these, or bye-bye legs.
So much relies on one thing stacked on top of another thing.
2005. A skyway connecting two Which tube carried the beer? I hope it’s the big one!
In the ward for the criminally insane, this door was the most-worn. Nail scratches mark the area around the peep hole, the wood is gouged everywhere from thrown chairs and hard kicks, and a ominous blood-colored stain is visible where it dripped in the second inset from the bottom. Aside from the damage, the coloring in this section was very vibrant, though it was probably little reprieve for those who had to work here.
This building had its own kitchen, suggesting that it may have been one of the hospitals units within Norwich, such as the tuberculosis hospital.
The side of King that faces the lake is stained yellow-green.
Sluice tables stretch into the darkness.
One of the cupola air intakes, rattled loose by the demolition downstairs, hangs stranded on the second floor. You can see that the floor I’m standing on in this picture used to extend all the way to the right wall. The blue paint on the wall made the climb absolutely worth it.
These tubes would bring cement to the top of the plant for storage in the silos.
Looking from the mill at the old transfer elevator’s steel tanks.
A gateway for St. Louis as seen through a gateway (of sorts) in East St. Louis.
A facade that tells the story of demolition and neglect. The sign on the garage door indicates that if one finds themselves there, that they enter the buildings at their own risk. If only property owners in the US took this philosophy!
This floor of the workhouse had corkscrew conveyors–big augers–in the floor to move material around. Most of the walls that were metal were missing, leaving the concrete structure and open doors.
Part of the system below Dock 2.
Isabella A (left) and B (right) were built in 1910 and 1913, respectively.
Much of the circa-1950s buildings remain with few alterations, such as these long boring sheet metal ruststicks.
The boiler doors are beautiful, and feature the name of the smelter and mine company. If you like these, check my article on the Mitchell Yards of Hibbing, MN.
The middle section of the smokestacks were coal hoppers, and this device would load the coal into the hoppers from the conveyor belt it rode across. The bottom section of the stacks were storage rooms while the very top were, surprise, chimneys for the power plant.
Jet Lowe is my inspiration.
Looking up from the industrial courtyard.