There are more storm sewers, culverts, and drains under this city than those I’ve written about here. Not because they are not beautiful, or significant, or interesting, but to leave something of the mystery left behind.
Sarah below Cascade Park. This space was destroyed when the park flooded.
Check that waterfall!
Freezing groundwater in the drain has created this ice wall in Buckingham Creek Drain, which is nearly all blasted natural stone. Lit with several LED panels. It was a cold night.
Chester Creek Infall, near Duluth’s old Armory. The creek will not emerge again until it is near the Lakewalk.
1904 Sewer Lid in Central Hillside.
One of the underground creeks in Duluth, somewhere under the East Hillside neighborhood.
A manhole cover sealing Clark House Creek below Superior Street.
Chester Creek, where it was forced to dip below the circa-1970s I-35 tunnels.
Hand-shooting 4×5 underground. Must be Kate Hunter.
A natural stone floor in Brewery Creek’s upper path has been worn smooth.
Would you wait and risk getting flooded out, or intentionally get minor burns?
Goop and slop slip to drop in the shame drain.
A strange sight: Part of the drain here seems to have had a skylight of glass, which has since been filled over. However, the collapsing ceiling began to create natural skylights of its own.
Roughly below the parking lot for the Rose Garden.
The upper sections of Brewery Creek have stone floors and brick ceilings. It’s beautiful–for a sewer.
Looking out of the Brewery Creek Drain outfall at night, after a storm had pushed piles of rocks up onto the shore.
At this junction where Brewery Creek gets a breath of fresh air stands a kid holding a paintbrush: a Banksy (famous graffiti artist) ripoff.
Chester Creek’s lower sections change, demarking decades of change for Superior Street.
Miller Creek, in one of the wider sections that features a trout (as in the fish) canal in the middle of the drain. Even though it is underground, the fish are able to visit their breeding ponds upstream by swimming through the specially designed tunnel.
A ruined culvert near Oregon Creek, behind Old Main, the predecessor of the University of Minnesota-Duluth.
Below the historic National Guard Armory.
An outfall for 43rd Avenue Creek. Let’s rename it Substreet Creek; isn’t that a better name?
Pointing a light at my camera from down Miller Creek Drain. Do you see the scale of it? It’s huge!
Sarah in Miller Creek Drain.
Brewery Creek Waterfall, somewhere above Duluth. Lit with candles and a small LED panel. To me, it looked like a pipe pouring molten metal.
Where the drain changes shape from round concrete to arched brick.
Chester Creek takes many such sliding dives where it empties into Lake Superior.